MLA Format for items found using a library database, such as Academic OneFile, Opposing Viewpoints, JSTOR, and more.
What Are DOIs and PermaLinks?
Which Should Be In Your Citation?
What Items Have DOIs? Many (not all) scholarly articles originally published in journals have DOIs. Some government publications also have DOIs.
Where Are DOIs Found? If an item has a DOI, it is usually near the title or other publication details such as authors or publication date. Library databases also include DOIs near such details. In research databases, such as Academic OneFile, the MLA citation found by clicking on an article title and then on the Cite button will already include the DOI (if available) or permalink (if no DOI available). You can also find this information by clicking on the article title and looking below the title for a DOI.
Searching with DOIs. Because each DOI is unique, it can be used to search for an item without needing other information. For example, instead of using a long article title and author name to find a specific journal article, you can just search with the DOI.
One Author (Without DOI)
Two Authors (Without DOI)
More Than Two Authors (With DOI)
No Author (Without DOI)
Newspaper - One Author (Without DOI)
Magazine - One Author (Without DOI)
Magazine - Two Authors (Without DOI)
Magazine - More Than Two Authors (Without DOI)
Magazine - No Author (Without DOI)
MLA Format for articles from periodicals (magazines, newspapers and journals) in print that you physically hold in your hands - NOT articles found in a library database
Scholarly Journal Article