Welcome to the APA Citation Guide! Use tabs above for more information on the following topics:
▪ About APA Style: Overview of APA and Citation Management Tool links
▪ Paper Format: General layout and examples
▪ Books/eBooks: Layout and examples for books and ebooks
▪ Articles: Layout and examples for journal, magazine, and newspaper articles in print, online, and databases
▪ Websites: Layout and examples website citations
▪ Annotated Bibliography: Explanation, layout, and examples
▪ Ask Us: Contact for more help
APA Style is a citation format created by the American Psychological Association. It is used for psychology and many other subjects, including education, nursing, nutrition, business, and much more. Your instructor will tell you if your class requires APA format.
NOTE: Instructors may ask for citations or elements that differ from the formal APA layout covered in this guide. You should always follow your instructor's requirements if they differ from requirements in this guide.
Citation management tools can help you create citations in various formats. Click on the links below for more information about the two citation management tools available through the library.
What Are Citation Formats?
Citation formats are rules and guidelines that make writing styles uniform within a specific work or publication. They cover the following:
There are many citation formats. Some of the more commonly used ones are MLA format, APA format and Chicago format.
Why Cite Sources?
There are several reasons why you would want to cite your sources:
What Is Plagiarism?
Plagiarism is giving the impression that you wrote or thought something that you borrowed from someone else.
How Can You Avoid Plagiarism? Cite your sources using a citation format.
What Must Be Cited?
Material is probably common knowledge if:
From: The Online Writing Lab. Purdue University
Frequently Used Formats
How do you know which format to use? Your instructor will let you know the required format for your class and assignments.